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Title: Potentiation of antimalarial activity of arteether in combination with Vetiver root extract
Authors: Dhawan, Sangeeta
Gunjan, Sarika
Pal, Anirban
Tripathi, Renu
Keywords: ACT;Khus grass;Malaria;MDR;Plasmodium falciparum;Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis;Vetiver
Issue Date: May-2016
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: In malaria, development of resistance towards artemisinin derivatives has urged the need for new drugs or new drug combinations to tackle the drug resistant malaria. We studied the fresh root extract of Vetiver zizanioides (Linn.) Nash (VET) with a CDRI-CIMAP antimalarial α/β arteether (ART) together for their antimalarial potential. Our results showed additive to synergistic antimalarial activity of VET and ART with sum fractional inhibitory concentrations Σ FICs 1.02±0.24 and 1.12±0.32 for chloroquine sensitive (CQS) and chloroquine resistant (CQR) strain of Plasmodium falciparum (William H. Welch), respectively. Further, these combinations were explored against multidrug resistant rodent malaria parasite i.e. P. yoelii nigeriensis. Analysis of in vivo interaction of ART and VET showed that 10 mg/kg×5days of ART with 1000 mg/kg of VET ×5 days cured 100% mice infected with MDR parasite, while the same dose of ART could produce only up to 30% cure and VET fraction was not curative at all. Synergism/additiveness, found between VET and ART is reported for the first time. The curative dose of ART in the combination was reduced to its one fourth, and thus limits the side effects, if any. Although antimalarial potential of ART was enhanced by VET, action mechanism of later needs to be elucidated in detail.
Page(s): 315-321
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.54(05) [May 2016]

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