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|Title:||Scavenging and antioxidant properties of different grape cultivars against ionizing radiation-induced liver damage ex vivo|
Das, Subir Kumar
|Keywords:||Gamma () radiation;ROS;Vitis vinifera|
|Abstract:||Ionizing radiation (IR) has become an integral part of the modern medicine— both for diagnosis as well as therapy. However, normal tissues or even distant cells also suffer IR-induced free radical insult. It may be more damaging in longer term than direct radiation exposure. Antioxidants provide protection against IR-induced damage. Grapes are the richest source of antioxidants. Here, we assessed the scavenging properties of four grape (Vitis vinifera) cultivars, namely Flame seedless (Black), Kishmish chorni (Black with reddish brown), Red globe (Red) and Thompson seedless mutant (Green), and also evaluated their protective action against -radiation-induced oxidative stress in liver tissue ex vivo. The scavenging abilities of grape seeds [2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (IC50=0.008±0.001 mg/mL), hydrogen peroxide (IC50=0.49 to 0.8 mg/mL), hydroxyl radicals (IC50=0.08±0.008 mg/mL), and nitric oxide (IC50=0.8±0.08 mg/mL)] were higher than that of skin or pulp. Gamma () radiation exposure to sliced liver tissues ex vivo from goat, @ 6 Gy significantly (P <0.001) decreased reduced glutathione (GSH) content by 21.2% and also activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione s-transferase (GST) by 49.5, 66.0, 70.3, 73.6%, respectively. However, it increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) by 2.04-fold and nitric oxide level by 48.6% compared to untreated group. Further increase in doses (10 or 16 Gy) of -radiation correspondingly decreased GSH content and enzyme activities, and increased TBARS and nitric oxide levels. Grape extract treatment prior to ionizing radiation exposure ameliorated theses effects at varying extent. The seed extracts exhibited strong antioxidant potential compared to skin or pulp extracts of different grape cultivars against oxidative damage by ionizing radiation (6 Gy, 10 Gy and 16 Gy) in sliced liver tissues ex vivo. Grape extracts at higher concentration (10 mg extract/g liver tissue) showed stronger antioxidant potential against lower dose (6 Gy) of ionizing radiation. Our results suggest that grape extracts could serve as a potential source of natural antioxidant against lower doses of IR-induced oxidative stress in liver extracts ex vivo.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.54(04) [April 2016]|
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