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IJMS Vol.37(4) [December 2008] >


Title: International Polar Year and CSIR contribution to Antarctica research
Authors: Sundaresan, J
Keywords: Polar research
Arctic
Antarctic
lichen
cyanobacterium
geodesy
ionosphere
Issue Date: Dec-2008
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Polar regions have consistent task in molding the global environment. International scientific collaboration is inevitable for initiating research projects in Arctic and Antarctic for understanding several natural processes. Earlier explorers and scientist had conceived the idea of International Polar Year (IPY) for collective scientific ventures to explore the impact of polar region in sprouting the earth’s environment. IPY is the biggest international collaborative scientific venture. IPY has the legacy of many pathbreking findings in science especially on earth and atmospheric sciences. The first Indian scientific expedition to Antarctica was during 1981. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research had specific prime assignments in developing Polar Research in India. NIO, a constituent establishment of CSIR was assigned a significant function in the first Indian Scientific expedition to Antarctica. Scientists working in CSIR laboratories have published more than 120 research papers in SCI journals on the biodiversity of flora and fauna of Antarctica, geology and geophysical aspects, atmospheric sciences and chemical characteristics of marine algae of Antarctica. CCMB one of the constituent establishment of CSIR owns 12.5% of the new species identified by global scientific community in Antarctica. NBRI, another constituent establishment of CSIR owns 12 new species of lichen from McLeod Island, Antarctica. National Physical Laboratory has been planning to setup a fully operational multi-instrument ionospheric real time monitoring facility both at Arctic and Antarctica and planned to run the facility for minimum 11 years. NGRI has achieved a globally major role in maintenance and improvement of a Global Reference Frame.
Page(s): 358-370
ISSN: 0379-5136
Source:IJMS Vol.37(4) [December 2008]

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