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IJMS Vol.37(4) [December 2008] >


Title: The role of Southern Ocean in past, present and future climate: A strategy for the International Polar Year
Authors: Rintoul, Stephen R
Keywords: Southern Ocean
Climate Change
Biogeochemical cycle
International Polar Year
Issue Date: Dec-2008
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The present study outlines a strategy for Southern Ocean climate research during the International Polar Year (IPY). The research is organized in five themes: Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the global water cycle; Southern hemisphere teleconnections; Climate processes at the Antarctic continental margin; Climate – ecosystem – biogeochemistry interactions in the Southern Ocean; and Records of past Antarctic climate variability and change. To address these themes, an integrated IPY Southern Ocean observing system is needed. The observing system will include synoptic, multidisciplinary ocean transects; time series measurements; enhanced atmospheric measurements; and new paleoclimate data sets. The Southern Ocean IPY will leave a legacy of a targeted, affordable, sustained observing system and a circumpolar snap-shot to serve as a benchmark for the assessment of past and future change. The observations will inform development of models capable of improved projections of future change.
Page(s): 373-385
ISSN: 0379-5136
Source:IJMS Vol.37(4) [December 2008]

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