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Title: Role of bilirubin as antioxidant in neonatal jaundice and effect of ethanolic extract of sweet lime peel on experimentally induced jaundice in rat
Authors: Nag, N
Halder, S
Chaudhuri, R
Adhikary, S
Mazumder, S
Keywords: Bilirubin;Antioxidant;Neonatal jaundice;Oxidative stress;Phototherapy;Sweet lime peel
Issue Date: Feb-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Bilirubin above a threshold level is toxic to human system and is excreted in urinary and through gastrointestinal tract. The role of bilirubin as antioxidant is debatable. This paper aims at elucidating the role of bilirubin as an antioxidant in neonatal jaundice patients. It is observed that bilirubin up to 6 mg/dl in blood acts as an antioxidant and above 12.5 mg/dl is strongly prooxidant. Phototherapy is the accepted therapeutic management of neonatal jaundice and has been shown to enhance the oxidative stress. Approaches have been taken to formulate a herbal medication which will reduce bilirubin level in the neonates without inducing additional damages. The ethanolic extract of sweet lime peel, administered orally at a dose of 72 µg is found to reduce the oxidative stress in erythrocytes of phenylhydrazine-induced jaundiced rats treated with phototherapy.
Page(s): 73-78
ISSN: 0301-1208
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.46(1) [February 2009]

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