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Title: SEM and IR studies on scouring and bleaching of linen
Authors: Goswami, K K
Das, N N
Mukherjee, A K
Keywords: Bleaching;Linen;Scouring;Scanning electron microscopy
Issue Date: Mar-1995
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Sequential removal of wax, water-soluble substances, pectin, hemicellulose and lignin afforded a fabric that mainly contained cellulose along with very small amount of non-cellulosic constituents. The whiteness index of the resultant fabric (59.4) was set as a target for commercial production of bleached linen fabrics and was well achieved by appropriate selection of scouring formulation at pre-bleaching stage and by proper manipulation of bleaching sequences. The durability parameters could be maintained at a satisfactory level by controlled defibrillation of the filaments and optimum retention of the non-cellulosic constituents. The entire chemical process was monitored using a Cambridge SEM (Stereoscan 250) and 250-30 Hitachi Spectrophotometer.
Page(s): 27-33
ISSN: 0975-1025 (Online); 0971-0426 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJFTR Vol.20(1) [March 1995]

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