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Title: Rhodamine B adsorption by activated carbon: Kinetic and equilibrium studies
Authors: Hema, M
Arivoli, S
Keywords: Thespusia populinia bark carbon (TPC);Rhodamine B (RDB);Adsorption isotherm;Equilibrium;Kinetic and Thermodynamic parameters;Intraparticle diffusion
Issue Date: Jan-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: A carbonaceous adsorbent (TPC) prepared from Thespusia populinia bark by acid treatment was tested for its efficiency in removing Rhodamine B (RDB). The parameters studied include agitation time, initial dye concentration, carbon dose, pH and temperature. The adsorption followed first order reaction equation and the rate is mainly controlled by intra-particle diffusion. Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models were applied to the equilibrium data. The adsorption capacity (Qm) obtained from the Langmuir isotherm plots were 60.836, 64.239, 68.695 and 77.178 mg/g respectively at an initial pH of 7.0 at 30, 40, 50 and 60ºC. The temperature variation study showed that the RDB adsorption is endothermic and spontaneous with increased randomness at the solid solution interface. Significant effect on adsorption was observed on varying the pH of the RDB solutions. Almost 79% removal of RDB was observed at 60ºC. The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms obtained, positive ΔHº value, pH dependent results and desorption of dye in mineral acid suggest that the adsorption of RDB on TPC involves physisorption mechanism.
Page(s): 38-45
ISSN: 0971–457X
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.16(1) [January 2009]

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