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Title: Ahimsa silk union fabrics–A novel enterprise for handloom sector
Authors: Sannapapamma, KJ
Naik, Shailaja D
Keywords: Ahimsa silk;Union made-ups;Tensile strength;Abrasion resistance;Drapability
Issue Date: Jul-2015
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: D01, D01B 7/00, D01C, G01N 3/00, G01N 3/56, D06 C, G01N 33/36
Abstract: India, the only country which produces all four varieties of silk, i.e., Mulberry, Tasar, Muga and Eri and Karnataka is famous for mulberry silk production. The silk spun from mulberry pierced cocoons without killing pupae for silk extraction considered as “Ahimsa silk” is also called as “Peace silk”. Ahimsa silk was spun on CSTRI (Central Silk Technological Research Institute, Bangalore) Motorized Spinning-cum-Twisting Machine and yarn shows unequal distribution of slubs and snarls, an added advantage that gives a fancy appearance and texture for the yarn. The courser and uneven Ahimsa silk yarn is most suitable for handloom sector and appropriately used as shot weft. It is new enterprise in this sector, since Ahimsa silk is compatible to interweave with cotton, art silk, terrycot, polyester and filature silk to produce designer’s fabrics. Keeping Ahimsa silk as weft, the dress materials and shirting were woven in cotton, art silk, terrycot and filature silk on pit looms and furnishing in cotton and polyester on Hardakar jacquard loom. These union made-ups exhibited greater tensile strength with better elongation, resistance to abrasion, excellent hand- feel properties and moderate pilling. The production cost of Ahimsa silk union made ups were found to be inexpensive compared to cent per cent filature silk. Considering the increased awareness of animal protection around the world, Ahimsa silk union made-ups definitely have better market potential and can create new horizon in the fashion world.
Page(s): 488-492
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.14(3) [July 2015]

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