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|Title:||A comparative study of medicinal plants used in rural areas of Namibia and Zimbabwe|
|Keywords:||Ethnobotany;Namibia;Primary healthcare;Traditional medicines;Zimbabwe|
|IPC Code:||Int. Cl.8: A61 K 36/00|
|Abstract:||Herbal medicines prepared from wild plants play an important role in the primary healthcare needs of people living in developing countries. A comparative ethnobotanical study was undertaken to document medicinal plants used in rural areas of Namibia and Zimbabwe. In order to document medicinal plants used for primary healthcare in rural areas of Namibia and Zimbabwe, 56 traditional healers were identified using the Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA) approach. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews, observation and guided field walks with the traditional healers, between January and October 2008. A total of 16 medicinal species belonging to 14 genera and 11 families were recorded in both Namibia and Zimbabwe. Three of these species (18.8%) had similar medicinal applications in the two countries. A total of 25 human health problems were treated by these medicinal species in Namibia, while 21 human and one veterinary health problems were treated with herbal medicines in Zimbabwe. General body pain, cold, cough, fever, flu and sore throat, dermatological and venereal diseases were treated with the highest number of medicinal plants in both countries. This comparative study revealed that traditional knowledge on herbal medicines is well founded.|
|ISSN:||0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJTK Vol.14(3) [July 2015]|
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