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IJCT Vol.16(1) [January 2009] >


Title: Stability and response analyses of phenol degrading biochemical systems
Authors: Dutta, Susmita
Chowdhury, Ranjana
Bhattacharya, Pinaki
Keywords: Phenol biodegradation
Bioreactors
Stability analysis
Dynamic simulation
Mathematical modeling
Issue Date: Jan-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Chemical systems having non-linear dynamic state equation exhibit unusual behaviour like multiplicity, sustained oscillations etc., when perturbation in any forcing function is somehow introduced to an existing steady state. Under this situation a reacting system may exhibit one or more ambiguous steady states. Biochemical systems using microorganisms following either substrate- or product-inhibited growth kinetics are usually characterized with this type of behaviour. In the present investigation biodegradation of phenol using Pseudomonas putida following substrate inhibited growth kinetics has been taken as model system. The system has been studied in a 2 dm³ B. Braun fermenter in batch and continuous modes of operation separately. Using the experimental data obtained in batch mode of operation the kinetic parameters of the systems have been determined considering substrate inhibited Haldane type kinetics for biodegradation of phenol. Two separate techniques, viz., linear stability analysis and phase plane analysis have been performed to study the characteristics of steady states from local and global points of view respectively. Response analysis of the system has been performed using step-type perturbations in inlet substrate concentrations of different amplitudes. The experimental findings show good agreement with the simulated results.
Page(s): 7-16
ISSN: 0971–457X
Source:IJCT Vol.16(1) [January 2009]

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