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Title: Chemical composition of essential oils of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. (endemic Iranian herb) collected from different natural habitats
Authors: Khodaverdi-Samani, Hamidreza
Pirbalouti, Abdollah Ghasemi
Shirmardi, Hamzeh-Ali
Malekpoor, Fatemeh
Keywords: Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam.;Chemical composition;Essential oils
Issue Date: Jan-2015
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A61K 36/00, C11B 9/00, A23L 1/222
Abstract: Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. is as an important medicinal and aromatic plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family. Ziziphora species are medicinal and aromatic plants that traditionally are used for the treatment of various diseases. In this study, essential oil of wild populations of Z. clinopodioides collected from various natural habitats in the alpine regions, Southwestern Iran was investigated. The hydro-distillated essential oils analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The essential oil yields ranged from 0.12 to 0.98 ml/100 gm dry plants. Results indicated that the main chemical compositions were pulegone (5.19 to 57.85%), limonene (0.26 to 12.79%), 1,8-cineole (0.00 to 27.4%), p-mentha-3-en-8-ol (2.03 to 15.15%), neo-menthol (0.36 to 7.56%), bornyl acetate (0.47 to 9.37%), and piperitenone (0.70 to 9.05%). There were significant differences among the essential oils from Z. clinopodioides populations for yield oil and the major constituents such as pulegone, 1,8-cineole, p-mentha-3-en-8-ol, bornyl acetate, and piperitenone. In conclusion, the main source of variability in chemical composition and oil yield of the studied populations of Z. clinopodioides seemed to be a difference in environmental conditions and chemotypes as plant populations collected from close geographical areas were classified in a cluster.
Page(s): 57-62
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.01(1) [January 2015]

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