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Title: Optimised chlorine-free bleaching systems for jute and jute/cotton blend fabrics
Authors: Cai, Y
David, S K
Keywords: Bleaching;Hydrogen peroxide;Jute;Jute/cotton blend;Peracetic acid
Issue Date: Jun-1998
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: A sequential two-stage bleaching process using peracetic acid followed by hydrogen peroxide. has been developed specifically for jute and jute/cotton blend fabrics. A peracetic acid system is optimised for jute by the selection of suitable buffering and stabilising agents. A superior bleaching effect is obtained by using TSPP as a stabiliser in the presence of a phosphate buffer, under mildly alkaline conditions (pH 8.0-8.5), whereby excellent fibre brightness may be achieved at temperatures as low as 40-60°C. A conventional H2O2-Na2SiO3 system has also been further optimised for jute by the exclusive use of sodium metasilicate at high concentrations of 3.5-4.0 g/l. Sequential bleaching with these independently optimised system results in an excellent degree of overall fabric brightness, such that the 1st-stage peracetic acid bleach may be carried out at relatively low temperature (30-40°C). This combination process therefore offers an effective, environmentally favourable and energy efficient option to conventional peroxide-utilising and chlorine bleaching processes. A further advantage is that it may also be successfully extended to the bleaching of jute/cotton blends. Furthermore, fabric tensile strength loss is less than that observed with high temperature  H2O2-Na2SiO3 bleaching and the tendency towards photoyellowing of the combination bleached fabrics is not adversely affected, despite the high level of fabric brightness achieved.
Page(s): 115-122
ISSN: 0975-1025 (Online); 0971-0426 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJFTR Vol.23(2) [June 1998]

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