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Title: Fly ash cenospheres as reinforcement in different polymer composites – a comparative study of physical and mechanical properties
Authors: Sampathkumaran, P
Seetharamu, S
Pattanashetti, V V
Kumar, M Shekhar
Niranjan, H B
Keywords: Thermoplastics;Fly ash cenospheres;Compression strength;Impact energy;Hardness;Slide wear;Friction
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The work reports the preparation of fly ash cenospheres bearing polymer composites, using various polymer matrix materials namely, low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, polystyrene and polymethylmethacrylate followed by evaluation of properties. The composites are synthesized by including about 18% by weight fly ash cenospheres, into various polymer matrices using brabender facility in the temperature range 120-160°C and at a mixing pressure of 50 MPa. Subsequently, they are cast into sheets through compression moulding. The test samples, made from the sheets, are characterized for physical as well as mechanical properties such as density, hardness, compression strength, impact response, wear and friction. The investigation reveals that the addition of fly ash cenospheres to various polymer matrices results in reduction of density. Further, improvements in the slide wear resistance and decrease in the co-efficient of friction values are noticed. As for interpreting the slide wear data, recourse to examination under scanning electron microscope is made in this paper. As regards the mechanical properties, hardness increases while the compression strength and impact energy decreases with inclusion of cenospheres in all the four types of samples investigated.
Page(s): 354-362
ISSN: 0975-1017 (Online); 0971-4588 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEMS Vol.22(3) [June 2015]

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