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Title: Intra-plant floral variation in Cleome viscosa L. and its possible significance in breeding system
Authors: Saroop, Shveta
Kaul, Veenu
Keywords: Asian spiderflower;Hermaphrodite;Insect pollinators;Pistillate;Pollination;Staminate
Issue Date: Jul-2015
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Cleome viscosa L., an annual rainy season weed, is cosmopolitan in distribution. Two naturally growing populations of C. viscosa from Jammu, J & K, India have been studied for floral variation at an intra-plant level and its possible role in its life cycle. Plants of both the populations bear flowers which exhibit tremendous intra-plant variation in size (large and small) and sex (hermaphrodite, staminate and pistillate). The average number of flowers per plant varied significantly and so did their structural and functional details. Greater propensity, however, was towards hermaphroditism at both plant and flower levels. The large and small sized flowers differed in their morphology and reproductive features; the former were significantly larger than the latter. Anthesis, anther dehiscence and stigma receptivity were coupled in all flower types. This functional aspect along with the structural proximity between stamens at two lengths and pistil further facilitated self-pollination. However, conspicuous floral display attracted diverse pollinator fauna (Apis dorsata, Halictus albescens, Nomia curvipes and N. elliotii) which in turn mediated cross pollination. Nevertheless, each floral type contributed towards plant’s fitness in its own way. Hermaphrodite flowers exhibited both self and cross pollination and assured survival by setting fruits and seeds with the large sized counterparts more productive. All these floral variations seemed to impart flexibility to the pollination system and provide fitness over the short flowering season.
Page(s): 468-475
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.53(07) [July 2015]

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