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Title: Global policies on achievement and utility of plant genetic resources
Authors: Verma, Nidhi
Chopra, Seema
Pedapati, Anita
Khan, Yasmin Jsima
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The Green Revolution triggered the world's potential to meet its food, fodder and fibre needs at the time when several parts of the world were badly food insecure. Later, many new plant varieties were being developed using better application of technology in a more participatory way to address the farmer's needs. Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) is the building block of crop improvement and in those days they were freely exchanged between the countries. There were no major legal impediments for acquisition of PGR and related knowledge. The earlier policies on access to PGR were based upon the concept of the 'Heritage of Mankind' for use of the benefit to all mankind; however post Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992 it is now considered as the Sovereign rights of the nations. The access to genetic resources is regulated by new national and international laws and access to technologies depends upon the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). In recent years, modern science of biotechnology and bioinformatics has paved way for a faster rate of generating and modifying resources for crop improvement. PGR, a component of biodiversity is the basic raw material for use in the biotechnological tools and techniques. The access regulations usually apply to all biodiversity and it is also sometimes posing obstacles or delays in the use of PGR in agriculture. Different policies are being developed in different regions emphasizing either limited access or facilitated access to all PGR. This paper aims to give an overview of the recent policies and regulations governing the access and benefit sharing of PGR and its long term impact on agriculture as a whole.
Page(s): 71-77
ISSN: 0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)
Appears in Collections:BVAAP Vol.23(1) [June 2015]

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