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Title: Chemical perspective of Tagar‒An Ayurvedic drug
Authors: Mathela, C S
Chanotiya, C S
Sati, S
Tiwari, M
Sammal, S S
Keywords: Ayurvedic drug;Chemical composition;Chemotypes;Maaliol;Patchouli alcohol;Tagar;Valerian
Issue Date: Oct-2006
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. C1.8: A61K36/00, A61P25/00, A61P25/02, A61P29/00, A61M21/00, C11B9/02
Abstract: Valeriana wallichii DC., commonly known as Tagar is an important ingredient of Ayurvedic recipes for the treatment of nervous unrest and emotional problems. Besides, roots provide commercially important essential oil used in perfumery. Morphologically it is a single species and is common in the Himalayan region (1220-2134 m) with no subspecies or varieties. The investigations, however, revealed the existence of chemically different forms (chemical races) within V. wallichii DC on the basis of chemical analysis of root extracts (essential oils and valepotriates) responsible for the activity. Chemotype-I is represented by maaliol (64.3%) while the type-II possesses patchouli alcohol (40.2%) in their essential oils. Interestingly, Charak and Sushruta Samhita have also documented the existence of two types of Tagar known as Pindtagar and Nata having medicinal properties.
Page(s): 474-477
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.05(4) [October 2006]

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