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Title: Metabolic and physiologic characteristics of skeletal muscle determine its response to clenbuterol treatment
Authors: Sundal, Santosh
Katoch, Surender S
Sharma, Sushma
Keywords: Clenbuterol;Metabolic and Physiologic characteristics;Skeletal muscles
Issue Date: Jun-2006
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: β-Adrenoceptor agonists are reported to induce skeletal muscle hypertrophy and hence serve as valuable adjunct to the treatment of wasting disorders. In the present study, we attempted to find out whether metabolic and physiologic characteristics of fibres are important in determining skeletal muscle response to clenbuterol (an adrenergic receptor agonist) therapy, as proposed in the treatment of wasting disorders. The treatment of mice with clenbuterol (2 mg/kg body wt for 30 days) resulted in skeletal muscle hypertrophy, more common amongst fast-twitch glycolytic fibres/muscle, with increase in body mass and a parallel rise in muscle mass to body mass ratio. Measurement of fibre diameters in soleus (rich in slowtwitch oxidative fibres), ALD or anterior latissimus dorsi (with a predominance of fast-twitch glycolytic fibres) and gastrocnemius (a mixed-type of muscle) from clenbuterol-treated mice for 30 days revealed noticeable increase in the per cent population of narrow slow-twitch fibre and a corresponding decline in white-type or fast-twitch glycolytic fibres in gastrocnemius and ALD. As revealed by counting of muscle cells in soleus, narrow red fibres declined with corresponding increase in white-type glycolytic fibres population. A significant decline in the succinic dehydrogenase activity was observed, thereby suggesting abnormality in oxidative activity of skeletal muscles in response to clenbuterol therapy.
Page(s): 160-166
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.43(3) [June 2006]

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