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Title: Chromium accumulation potential of Zea mays grown under four different fertilizers
Authors: Dheeba, B
Sampathkumar, P
Kannan, K
Keywords: Bioremediation;Environment;Farm yard manure;Heavy metal stress;Leather industry;Maize;NPK;Panchakavya;Phytoremediation;Soil pollution;Vermicompost
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Chromium (Cr) contamination in soil is a growing concern in sustainable agriculture production and food safety. We performed pot experiment with chromium (30 mg/ soil) to assess the accumulation potential of Zea mays and study the influence of four fertilizers, viz. Farm Yard Manure (FYM), NPK, Panchakavya (PK) and Vermicompost (VC) with respect to Cr accumulation. The oxidative stress and pigment (chlorophyll) levels were also examined. The results showed increased accumulation of chromium in both shoots and roots of Zea mays under FYM and NPK supply, and reduced with PK and VC. While the protein and pigment contents decreased in Cr treated plants, the fertilizers substantiated the loss to overcome the stress. Similarly, accumulation of Cr increased the levels of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and peroxidase (POD) indicating the enhanced damage control activity. However, these levels were relatively low in plants supplemented with fertilizers. Our results confirm that the maize can play an effective role in bioremediation of soils polluted with chromium, particularly in supplementation with fertilizers such as farm yard manure and NPK.
Page(s): 1206-1210
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections: IJEB Vol.52(12) [December 2014]

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