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Title: In vitro culture of immature embryos of Cinnamomum tamala Nees.— The role of different factors
Authors: Deb, Madhabi S
Jamir, N S
Deb, Chitta Ranjan
Keywords: Cinnamomum tamala;Embryo culture;Morphogenesis;Micropropagation;Recalcitrant seed;Spice yielding plant
Issue Date: Oct-2014
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Seed characteristics and in vitro culture of C. tamala embryos were studied. Embryos desiccated below 50% (fresh weight) exhibited poor morphogenetic response in vitro and confirmed the recalcitrant nature of seeds. The immature embryos of various developmental ages (4-16 week after flowering, WAF) were cultured on different strengths of MS medium. Morphogenesis responses were recorded after 10 days of culture. The best culture responses were achieved from the immature embryos of 12 WAF on MS medium with sucrose (3%, w/v), polyvinyl pyrollidone (100 mg L-1) and benzyl adenine (12 µM). Under optimum condition ~60% explants responded; and ~7.3 shoots buds developed per explants after 35 days of culture initiation. The shoot buds could be converted into micro-shoots on MS medium with sucrose (3%) and kinetin (3 µM). About 5.3 micro-shoots/shoot buds sprouted per sub-culture. The micro-shoots were rooted by maintaining them on MS medium with α-naphthalene acetic acid (3 µM) where within 6-8 wk of culture ~8-10 roots developed. The rooted plantlets were acclimatized in vitro before they were transferred to community potting mix and maintained in the poly-shade ca 75% shading. The transplants registered ~70% survival after two months of transfer.
Page(s): 1003-1010
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.52(10) [October 2014]

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