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|Title:||Effects of ursolic acid on glucose metabolism, the polyol pathway and dyslipidemia in non-obese type 2 diabetic mice|
Cho, Hyun Wook
|Keywords:||Dyslipidemia;Kidney;Liver;Polypol pathway;Ursolic acid|
|Abstract:||Ursolic acid (UA) is a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound that naturally occurs in fruits, leaves and flowers of medicinal herbs. This study investigated the dose-response efficacy of UA (0.01 and 0.05%) on glucose metabolism, the polyol pathway and dyslipidemia in streptozotocin/nicotinamide-induced diabetic mice. Supplement with both UA doses reduced fasting blood glucose and plasma triglyceride levels in non-obese type 2 diabetic mice. High-dose UA significantly lowered plasma free fatty acid, total cholesterol and VLDL-cholesterol levels compared with the diabetic control mice, while LDL-cholesterol levels were reduced with both doses. UA supplement effectively decreased hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity and increased glucokinase activity, the glucokinase/glucose-6-phosphatase ratio, GLUT2 mRNA levels and glycogen content compared with the diabetic control mice. UA supplement attenuated hyperglycemia-induced renal hypertrophy and histological changes. Renal aldose reductase activity was higher, whereas sorbitol dehydrogenase activity was lower in the diabetic control group than in the non-diabetic group. However, UA supplement reversed the biochemical changes in polyol pathway to normal values. These results demonstrated that low-dose UA had preventive potency for diabetic renal complications, which could be mediated by changes in hepatic glucose metabolism and the renal polyol pathway. High-dose UA was more effective anti-dyslipidemia therapy in non-obese type 2 diabetic mice.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.52(07) [July 2014]|
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