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Title: Regulation of nitrogen metabolism in salt tolerant and salt sensitive Frankia strains
Authors: Srivastava, Amrita
Mishra, Arun Kumar
Keywords: Frankia;Nitrogen metabolism;Salinity;Salt sensitive;Salt tolerant
Issue Date: Apr-2014
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Effect of salinity (0, 50, 100, 250, 500 and 750 mM NaCl) was observed on some important physiological parameters of nitrogen metabolism such as nitrate uptake, intracellular and extracellular ammonium status and activities of nitrogenase, nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase and glutamine synthetase among Frankia strains differing in their salt tolerance capacity. Nitrogenase activity closely followed the growth pattern with regular decline on NaCl supplementation. All the other enzymes showed optimum activity at 100 mM and declined further. Co-regulation of the nitrate uptake system and sequential enzyme activities plays a crucial role in governing the nitrogen status of strains during salt stress. HsIi10 experiencing minimum decline in enzyme activities and best possible nitrogen regulation under NaCl replete condition showed adequate nutritional management. Among all the strains, HsIi10 proved to be salt tolerant on account of above features while the salt sensitive strain HsIi8 lacked the ability to regulate various steps of nitrogen metabolism during salinity, and thus Frankia strain HsIi10 can potentially serve as a potential biofertilizer in the saline soil.
Page(s): 352-358
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.52(04) [April 2014]

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