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Title: Ethnoveterinary plants used by the Chiru tribes of Manipur, Northeast India
Authors: Rajkumari, Ranjana
Nirmala, RK
Singh, PK
Das, Ajit Kumar
Dutta, BK
Pinokiyo, A
Keywords: Senapati district;Ethnoflora;Chiru tribe
Issue Date: Apr-2014
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A61K 36/00, A61D, A61K
Abstract: Cattle farming is one the most income generating occupation of the tribals of Manipur, Northeast India. Chiru tribe of Manipur has been depending on cattle farming for livelihood since long time back. This tribe of Manipur is repository of rich ethnoveterinary knowledge of plants. The study aims at exploring the ethnoveterinary plants associated with this particular tribe. As a result of this study, 36 plant species and genera belonging to 29 families used for treating as many as 17 ailments of domestic animals (cows, dogs, buffaloes, pigs, etc.) have been documented based on ethnoveterinary surveys (PRA and interview-questionnaire methods). The most commonly and effectively used ethnoveterinary plants are Areca catechu L. for treating endoparasite, Bambusa tulda Roxb. and Saccharum officinarum L. for treating retension of placenta, Cannabis sativa L. for treating diarrhoea and dysentery, Achyranthes aspera L. as galactogogue, Elsholtzia communis (Collett & Hemsl.) Diels for treating foot and mouth disease, Millettia pachycarpa Benth. for removal of insects, Paederia foetida L. for treating diarrhoea and dysentery, Trigonella foenum-graecum L. for treating haematuria. The ethnoveterinary uses of 5 plant species, viz. Cissus adnata Roxb.for treating bone fracture, Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Schult. for treating constipation, Millettia pachycarpa Benth. for removal of insects, Persicaria chinensis (L.) H. Gross for treating maggot and Syzygium cuminii (L.) Skeels for treating haematuria are recorded for the first time. Due to changing life style, this unexplored and undocumented knowledge is at risk.
Page(s): 368-376
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.13(2) [April 2014]

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