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Title: Impacts of bituminous fumes on the workers of road construction industry
Authors: Chauhan, Sippy Kalra
Yadav, Vijay Bahadur
Shukla, Anuradha
Prakash, Om
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Asphalt or bitumen is a black, thermoplastic hydrocarbon material derived from the processing of crude oil. At ambient temperature, bitumen is solid and does not present any health/environmental risk. According to the literature survey, the vapours of bitumen contain pungent odour. This is mainly because the bitumen has small amount of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons, and along with some other volatiles like benzene, toluene, etc., which are known to be carcinogenic in nature. In 2001, epidemiological study by IARC (International Cancer Research Agency) was proved that the deaths due to lung cancer are more intense than the other type of cancers. According to recent study, the effect of bitumen fumes caine eye and respiratory tract inflammation, headache, fatigue, lethargy, loss of appetite etc. Due to various applications in the use of hot asphalt released small amount of polyaromatic hydrocarbon should influence health and environment. Safety procedures are very much useful for prevention from the danger of bitumen fumes. In the present study, the health and environment impact of emissions from hot bitumen used during in various techniques, characteristics of released fume and minimized by safety practice are explained.
Page(s): 161-165
ISSN: 0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)
Appears in Collections:BVAAP Vol.21(2) [December 2013]

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