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|Title:||Characterisation of Natural Resources of Deolikhan Water Shed|
Singh, Om Vir
|Abstract:||Presently the country is facing with the problem of population explosion. In order to meet the ever-increasing demands of increasing population, in both mountainous and plain areas, there is an urgent need to increase agricultural production as well as productivity. With the evolution of the process of planning in the fragile (mountainous) ecosystem, currently the emphasis has been on decemralized planning to smaller area units (i.e. micro - watershed, district or below). This is to facilitate developmental strategies that are sustainable, area-specific and take into account the local needs and the problems. Interrelation and inter-dependence between various sectors make such decentralized planning of micro level a complex and information sensitive task, involving a large matrix of sectoral data on the local natural resources and requiring appropriate methodologies for data collection, analysis and processing. The present study demonstrates the collection, processing and application of this local level data on natural resource for understanding the land and water related problems of a representative (Deolikhan) micro-watershed in Almora district of Uttaranchal state. For this, land use related information comprising of present land use, land management practices, cropping pattern, irrigation practices, fertilizer applications and their use efficiency etc along with the soil and hydrologic data were collected from the test site. The land use data was obtained by means of a primary survey of the local farmers through a questionnaire while the hydrologic data was obtained, at regular time-intervals, through in-situ gauging stations. Besides this, soil samples collected from different sampling sites within the test watershed were analyzed and digitized in Arc/ Info GIS package for obtaining soil property based maps of the test area. The above effort could thus very lucidly demonstrate the use of such studies in proposing developmental plans and effective solutions to the local level problems by the agricultural specialists and decision or policy makers.|
|ISSN:||0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||BVAAP Vol.10(1) [June 2002]|
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