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Title: Conservation and domestication of Aconitum heterophyllum
Authors: Kushwaha, Rekha
Ogra, Ram Krishan
Prakash, Om
Bhattacharya, Amita
Issue Date: Dec-2006
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Aconitum is found in the grassy slopes of alpine and sub-alpine regions of Himalaya. The roots of Aconitum are tuberous and biennial and mainly contain non-crystalline, non-poisonous alkaloid 'atisine'. Other alkaloids found in it are heteratisine, histisine, heterophyllisine, heterophyllidine, hitidine and atidine. Due to its medicinal properties and uses in various medicinal systems, it has now acquired an endangered status. Therefore, its conservation and domestication has become necessary. In this direction, we have conserved plants under ex-situ conditions (Greenhouse) of Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur. Employment of hot water treatment (40-60°C for 30-120 sec.) of seeds for synchronized germination and domestication resulted in increased plant growth and also its production. Comparison of the growth and development of plants propagated through tubers and seeds showed that plants propagated through seeds were better as compared to the tuber propagated ones. Time difference between the life cycles of plants propagated through seeds and tubers was also observed. Under ex-situ conditions, earlier anthesis and seed setting were observed but the alkaloid content of plants under ex-situ condition was at par with that of natural populations. Our finding thus, seems to be an important landmark in sustainable commercialization of Aconitum. Tubers of Aconitum are routinely used in many Ayurvedic and Homoeopathic medicines such as Mahasudarsan Churna, Chandrprabha Vati , Yograj Guggul, Majun Bavaseer and Majoon Guggul.
Page(s): 137-140
ISSN: 0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)
Appears in Collections:BVAAP Vol.14(2) [December 2006]

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