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Title: Sennoside Content in Senna and Effect of Benzyl Adenine & Vitamin 'C' on it
Authors: Singh, Dharam Vir
Srivastava, Girish Chand
Issue Date: Jun-2006
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Leaves of senna (Cassia angustifolia Walh) are being used as a medicine in the treatment of indigestion since ancient times. Sennoside is not only found in the leaves but also in other parts of the plant except seeds. In the present experiment, sennoside content was studied during seed germination and newly formed as well as in mature and old plant parts and the impact of treatment with benzyl adenine (BA) and ascorbic acid (AA) has been studied. Sennoside content was found during seed germination in minute quantity after three days of sowing. which was increased up to 8 days, afterwards it became almost stable. Sennoside was found in more quantity in the seedlings, which were grown in sunlight in comparison to dark. It was also found more in pod husk as compared to leaves but it was lesser in stem and in a very minor quantity in root. Sennoside content was found more in newly formed leaves, stems and pods which was about three times less in mature plant parts. BA promotes the plant growth but it could not affect the sennoside in senna plant. Vitamin C not only improved the plant growth but it enhanced the sennoside content in old plant parts. The aim of the present study was to inform the senna growers that the spray treatment of 50-100 ppm ascorbic acid can improve the quality of senna production in terms of sennoside content. The sennoside can be extracted from all plant parts of senna except seeds and roots.
Page(s): 41-48
ISSN: 0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)
Appears in Collections:BVAAP Vol.14(1) [June 2006]

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