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Title: Indian Rules, Regulations and Procedures for Handling Transgenic Plants*
Authors: Ghosh, P K
Ramanaiah, T V
Issue Date: Feb-2000
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The Indian Government had promulgated the Rules for dealing with genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in 1989. The GMOs include the products of GMOs as well. The Rules define the authorities. They also elaborate the implementation structures for conducting resea rch and for the commercial applications of GMOs. The major Indian developments in transgenic plants include work on transgenic cotton. Indian mustard /oil seed rape, tomato, brinjal, cauliflower, cabbage, potato, tobacco, chilli, bell pepper, and rice. The research on GMOs is monitored by the Review Committee on Genetic Manipulation (RCGM) which stewards the generation of bio-safety data starting form lab to contained green house experiments to small-scale contained field trials. RCGM also authorizes the import/export /transfer of transgenic genetic materials for research use only. The bio-safety data required to be generated include: rationale for the development of GMOs, details of their molecular biology, comparison of germination rates, phenotypic characteristics, study of gene flow, invasiveness and weed formation possibilities, susceptibility to diseases and pests, effect on non-target organism, and food safety evaluation. The agronomic evaluation is also conducted. The Genetic Engineering Approval Committee provides authorization of GMOs for commercial release based on Bio-safety evaluation data.
Page(s): 114-120
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Appears in Collections:JSIR Vol.59(02) [February 2000]

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