Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/26565
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRamana, K V-
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Lokendra-
dc.contributor.authorDhaked, R K-
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-12T05:17:38Z-
dc.date.available2014-02-12T05:17:38Z-
dc.date.issued2000-02-
dc.identifier.issn0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/26565-
dc.description87-101en_US
dc.description.abstractMicroorganims living in extreme environments are divided into five categories thermophiles, psychrophiles, alkaliphiles, acidophiles and halophiles. Environments that are considered to be extreme are colonized by these special microorganisms which are adapted to these ecological niches. The application of psychrophilic microorganisms in industrial processes opens up a new era in biotechnology.Due to its unique biochemical features, it can be exploited for use in biotechnological industries busy in manufacturing food, enzymes, and value added pharmaceuticals products. Recent developments show that psychrophiles are good source of novel catalysts of industrial interest. Some of the enzymes have been isolated and the genes are successfully cloned and expressed in target hosts. Biopolymer degrading enzymes like amylase, pullulanases, xylanases, and proteases play an important role in food, detergents, and pulp industries. Cell membranes of psychrophiles contain surfactants bearing unique stability at low temperatures and that can be used in pharmaceutical formulation. The cold adaptation process of psychrophiles encompasses wide modifications in structure and molecular architecture, physiology, and biochemistry of these organisms. These are described, in detail, here.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherNISCAIR-CSIR, Indiaen_US
dc.rights CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 Indiaen_US
dc.sourceJSIR Vol.59(02) [February 2000]en_US
dc.titleBiotechnological Application of Psychrophiles and Their Habitat to Low-Temperatureen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
Appears in Collections:JSIR Vol.59(02) [February 2000]

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
JSIR 59(2) 87-101.pdf3.57 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in NOPR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.