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|Title:||Prospect of Herbal Drugs in the Age of Globalization-Indian Scenario|
Barooah, P K
Sandhu, J S
|Abstract:||There are 2,50,000 known species of higher plants on the Earth and some more may be discovered. Of these, only six per cent have been analysed chemically and only a small fraction pharmacologically. According to pharmacopoeia of the world, at least 119 distinct chemical substances derived from plants are important drugs currently-used within 62 therapeutic categories, and 91 species are the source of these drugs. India has a vast reservoir of 400, 000 Ayurvedic, Siddha, Uninani or Homoeopathic practioners, hardly used adequately in the health care delivery system. Nearly 80 per cent of drugs used in Indian system of medicine and homoeopathy are derived from plants. With 46, 000 licensed pharmacies manufacturing and satisfying the needs of traditional remedies, large-scale cultivation of medicinal plants must be planned. A number of CSIR laboratories, University departments and hospitals, other scientific institutions are participating in the further evaluation and finetuning of such drugs through use of modern methods and tools. With pooled resources, efforts are being made to reach the goal of development of new drugs, herbal preparations, pest management agents, bio-enhancers, and drug delivery systems. A few examples have been presented in the face of globalisation and WTO.|
|ISSN:||0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||JSIR Vol.61(06) [June 2002]|
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