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Title: Inhibitory effect of Piper betle Linn. leaf extract on protein glycation - Quantification and characterization of the antiglycation components
Authors: Bhattacherjee, Abhishek
Chakraborti, Abhay Sankar
Keywords: Piper betle;Protein glycation;Advanced glycation end products;Diabetes mellitus;Rutin
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Piper betle Linn. is a Pan-Asiatic plant having several beneficial properties. Protein glycation and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) formation are associated with different pathophysiological conditions, including diabetes mellitus. Our study aims to find the effect of methanolic extract of P. betle leaves on in vitro protein glycation in bovine serum albumin (BSA)-glucose model. The extract inhibits glucose-induced glycation, thiol group modification and carbonyl formation in BSA in dose-dependent manner. It inhibits different stages of protein glycation, as demonstrated by using glycation models: hemoglobin-d-gluconolactone (for early stage, Amadori product formation), BSA-methylglyoxal (for middle stage, formation of oxidative cleavage products) and BSA-glucose (for last stage, formation of AGEs) systems. Several phenolic compounds are isolated from the extract. Considering their relative amounts present in the extract, rutin appears to be the most active antiglycating agent. The extract of P. betle leaf may thus have beneficial effect in preventing protein glycation and associated complications in pathological conditions.
Page(s): 529-536
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.50(6) [December 2013]

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