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Title: Roughness and frictional properties of cotton and polyester woven fabrics
Authors: Sülar, Vildan
Öner, Eren
Okur, Ayşe
Keywords: Cotton;Fabric friction;Fabric roughness;Polyester;Woven fabric
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The roughness and frictional properties of cotton and polyester fabrics and relationship between these properties have been investigated and compared. Two sets of test samples comprising nine cotton and twelve polyester fabrics have been woven by systematically changing parameters such as weave type, weft setting and linear density of weft yarn. The fabric roughness measurements are conducted by using a new surface roughness tester for textile applications and the fabric friction measurements are performed with a friction attachment adaptable to a tensile tester. All the results are statistically evaluated in relation to the structural parameters of the test fabrics by using multivariate variance analyses. The relationship between roughness and frictional properties is examined by correlation analyses. For all the test fabrics, it can be noted that an increase in weft setting causes decrease in fabric roughness values for every weave type and this tendency is in accordance with the fabric friction results. When the relationships between the frictional and roughness values are examined, statistically significant and high correlations are determined for both of the cotton and polyester fabrics.
Page(s): 349-356
ISSN: 0975-1025 (Online); 0971-0426 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJFTR Vol.38(4) [December 2013]

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