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|Title:||Combustion synthesis of nanosized γ-Fe2O3: Structural, electrical, dielectric and magnetic studies|
|Authors:||Mallikarjuna, N N|
|Abstract:||Combustion synthesis of nanosized γ-Fe2O3 using polyethylene glycol as a fuel has been reponed. Four different precursors were taken to see the feasibility of conversion to γ-Fe2O3 in a single step. The as synthesised γ-Fe2O3 samples were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared (IR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electrical, dielectric, magnetic and Mossbauer techniques. The γ-Fe2O3 samples were found to crystallise in a cubic system. Unit cell parameters were obtained by least square refinement of the X-ray powder data using PROZSKI program. The crystallite sizes were calculated using X-ray line broadening. TEM studies showed that particles are in the range of 20-50 nm. X-ray, tap and apparent densities were determined and compared with the γ-Fe2O3 prepared by conventional methods. All the γ-Fe2O3 samples showed semiconducting behaviour. From dielectric studies it was observed that dielectric constant vary from 100 to 2000 depending upon the precursor used to prepare γ-Fe2O3 and number of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions present in that sample. The saturation magnetisation of these samples are in the range of 40-50 emu/g.|
|ISSN:||0975-1017 (Online); 0971-4588 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEMS Vol.10(1) [February 2003]|
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