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Title: Surface protein changes in goat spermatozoa during capacitation
Authors: Kaul, Gautam
Kumar, Mukesh
Gandhi, K.K.
Anand, S.R.
Issue Date: Jan-2000
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Polypeptides of goat sperm surface before and after capacitation were examined by radiolabelling and immunologically using polyclonal antisera. Radioiodination revealed five protein bands having mol wt of 14.8, 72.4,81,100 and 128 kDa in uncapacitated ejaculated spermatozoa and only three bands of 23.4, 27 and 72.4 KDa in capacitated spermatozoa. The protein band with mol wt 72.4 kDa was only feebly iodinated in uncapacitated sperm surface but in capacitated spermatozoa it was heavily labelled. Western blot analysis of detergent-extracted proteins using γ-globulin fraction of ant sera raised against purified goat sperm plasma membrane revealed six antigens (17.8, 29.1, 33.4, 45.6, 85.1, 123.2 k Da ) in uncapacitated spermatozoa, four (26, 32.1, 40.1, 45.6 kDa) in capacitated spermatozoa and only one (45.6 kDa) in acrosome-reacted spermatozoa. High mol wt proteins were more numerous on the surface of uncapacitated spermatozoa while the capacitated spermatozoa had relatively low mol wt proteins. An apparent effect of capacitation is the metabolism and reorganisation of proteins on goat sperm surface. Polypeptides on capacitated sperm surface revelled through radiolabelling and polyclonal antisera may have a likely receptor(s) role in the recognition and binding to homologous zona pellucida during fertilization.
Page(s): 18-25
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.38(01) [January 2000]

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