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Title: Effects of photodynamic treatment on biological antioxidant systems in rats
Authors: Anilakumar, K R
Khanum, Farhath
Swamy, M. Siddalinga
Santhanam, K.
Issue Date: Jun-2001
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Effects of photodynamic treatments on inherent antioxidant metabolites and cellular defence enzymes have been investigated in rats. Wistar rats were grouped into untreated controls, light controls, hematoporphyrin derivative (Hpd) (treated with 5 and 10 mg Hpd I kg body weight and kept in dark) and sets treated with both Hpd and red light (dose 172 and 344 j/m2 ) . After 2, 24, 48 and 72 hr of Hpd injection the rats sacrificed, livers quickly excised to analyze Hpd uptake, activities of enzymes like catalase. GSH-Px and antioxidants like GSH. vitamin A, vitamin E and vitamin C. The results showed that the loss of Hpd from liver as a function of post- injection time was non- linear. An increased generation of lipid radicals was observed in the groups treated with 5 mg Hpd and higher dose of light and in groups treated with 10 mg Hpd at both the doses of light. Combination of light and Hpd reduced hepatic GSH content with a concomitant reduction in GSHPx. At higher doses of Hpd and light, there was a significant reduction in hepatic vitamin A levels. Combination of Hpd and light in all doses reduced vitamin E content in liver. The decreased biological antioxidant contents and GSH-Px may be attributed to their utilization for the scavenging of free radicals generated by Hpd and light in tissues. However, no change in catalase activity and vitamin C content in liver was noted in experimental rats. The results suggest that exposure to higher doses of Hpd with light alters oxidant stress system and TBARS content in rat.
Page(s): 558-563
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.39(06) [June 2001]

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