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Title: Hypocholesterolemic effect of protein prepared from Phaseolus aconitifolius (Jacq.)
Authors: Mayilvaganan, M
Singh, S P
Johari, R P
Keywords: Casein;Cholestcrols;Heart;Lipids;Lipoproteins;Liver;Moth bean;Pigeon pea;Rats;Serum
Issue Date: Sep-2004
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int.Cl7 A61P
Abstract: Hypocholesterolemic effect of protein concentrate (PC) prepared from moth bean (Phaseolus aconitifolius Jacq.) seeds relative to that of pigeon pea PC and casein were investigated in rats fed on hypercholesterolemic diet containing two per cent cholesterol. The test diets containing casein and legume PCs at 10% protein level were fed to albino rats (Wistar strain) for 45 days. Compared to casein, the two legume PCs produced significantly lower levels of liver total lipid and cholesterol levels except that pigeon pea PC produced only non-significant decrease of total cholesterols in the heart. In addition, the legume PCs produced significantly lower levels of serum triglycerides and total lipids as well as lower levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Moreover, only moth bean PC produced a significantly higher level of serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Generally, PC of moth bean seemed to be more potent at lowering the elevated hepatic and serum lipids and cholesterol levels, which were attributed to the amino acid profile or this lesser-known legume as these indices well correlated with se rum cholesterol levels.
Page(s): 904-908
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.42(09) [September 2004]

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