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Title: Influence of influenza viral infection on airway smooth muscle activity
Authors: Ashraf, M Z
Singh, M
Hussain, M E
Prasad, A K
Fahim, M
Issue Date: Apr-2001
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The contractility of airway smooth muscle (ASM) plays an important role in pathophysiology of several bronchial disorders. Increased contraction of ASM during asthma and respiratory viral infection has been attributed to the release of mediators acting through different receptors. In the present study, influence of influenza type A virus (H1N1) infection has been examined on ASM responsiveness to various bronchoactive agents e.g. adenosine, histamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5- HT) and isoproterenol in an organ bath set up for isolated tissue preparation. The contractile effect of adenosine, histamine and 5-HT was enhanced, however, relaxant response of isoproterenol was attenuated with the duration following viral exposure. The most prominent response was observed 48 to 72 hr after infection and tissues from multiple exposure to virus infected animals showed the maximum contractile response. Results demonstrated the deleterious effect of viral infection on ASM function and the findings will be helpful in understanding the mechanism of influenza virus induced bronchoconstriction.
Page(s): 329-333
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.39(04) [April 2001]

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