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Title: Hormonal implication in Bracon-venom-induced paralysation of the host larva of Corcyra cephalonica (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
Authors: Chanda, Sudipta
Panda, R N
Chakravorti, Sanjib
Issue Date: Aug-2002
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: To facilitate oviposition, the ectoparasite Bracon hebetor, injects its venom, a paralysing toxin, to the host Corcyra larva that ultimately dies without showing any metamorphic change, even if allowed to remain unparasitised. At the initial stage of venom injection the rate of heartbeat of the host becomes abruptly high. This has been explained from the synergistic action of the substances of poison gland and calyx. The paralysed larvae subsequent to envenomization die within 240 hr. Application of hydroprene as single dose or with a booster dose after paralysation mostly increases the survival period considering heart beat as the index. The predicted value of survival period (714.4 hr), determined from a fitted equation obtained from the relationship between heart beat and survival period, indicates that a 100 µg treatment / larva with a booster dose of 50 µg / larva most effectively lengthens the period. It is concluded that the venom-induced physiological dysfunction  of the immobilised larvae, as indicated in the rate of heart beat and survival period, though can be recovered to some extent after the application of juvenoids, there cannot occur any metamorphic change of these larvae. The parasitoid, therefore, succeeds in completing its development and metamorphosis by arresting the development of its host through an indirect hormonal suppression. The findings indicate an endocrine implication in host-parasite relationship in insect.
Page(s): 918-923
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.40(08) [August 2002]

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