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Title: Restriction analysis of conserved and variable regions of VP2 gene of Indian isolates of bluetongue virus serotype 1
Authors: Dahiya, Swati
Prasad, G
Kovi, Ramesh C
Keywords: Bluetongue virus;Orbivirus;PCR;Restriction analysis;Serotype specific VP2 Gene
Issue Date: Mar-2005
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Bluetongue virus (BTV) is a member of Orbivirus genus in family Reoviridae. The virus genome is composed of 10 double-stranded RNA segments. The RNA segment L2 encodes an outer capsid viral protein, VP2, which is the main determinant of neutralization and serotype-specific immune response. BTV serotype 1 (BTV-1) specific novel primer pair was designed using VP2 gene sequences available in GenBank to amplify 1240-1844 bp region because two hypervariable and three conserved regions have been reported within these 604 nucleotides. This primer pair successfully amplified cell culture adapted six Indian isolates of BTV-1 from different geographical regions of the country. The 604 bp PCR product of VP2 gene of all six BTV-1 yielded two fragments of 273 and 331 bp when digested with Taq I restriction enzyme. This indicated that there is only one TaqI site at 1513 bp (within 1240-1844 bp region) of VP2 gene of BTV-1 Indian isolates. The in silico restriction analysis revealed that in BTV-1 South African isolate (BTV-1 SA) there is no TaqI site while in BTV-1 Australian isolates (BTV-1 AUS), there are two TaqI sites (at 1513 and 1567 bp) within 1240-1844 bp region of VP2 gene. The earlier reported VP2 gene based primer pair for BTV-1 was used in the present study to amplify 2242-2933 bp region of six BTV-1 Indian isolates as three conserved regions have been reported within these 691 nucleotides. The digestion of 691 bp PCR products with XmnI yielded three fragments of 364, 173 and 154 bp with all the six Indian isolates of BTV-1 suggesting that there are two XmnI sites within 2242-2933 bp region of VP2 gene. A single XmnI site was observed in silica in BTV-1 AUS and BTV-1SA isolates at different positions within this region. The in vitro and in silico restriction profile analyses of partial VP2 gene sequences using TaqI and XmnI restriction enzymes indicated a close relationship of Indian isolates of BTV-1 with BTV-1 AUS isolates but not with BTYI BTV-1 SA isolate.  
Page(s): 272-276
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.43(03) [March 2005]

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