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Title: The rise and fall of the salitre (sodium nitrate) industry
Authors: Wisniak, Jaime
Garces, Ingrid
Issue Date: Sep-2001
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The nitrate fields in Chile are exceptional for their mineral content and unknown origin and serve as an excellent example how a chemical technology can arise to create a very large and almost exclusive market, to be sent then almost into oblivion by competing technologies. The income from sodium nitrate export provided for many years almost 50% of the income of the Chilean government and a large part of the world needs for fertilizers. Development of the Haber-Basch process for ammonia synthesis resulted in the crash of the dream and a serious economic crisis for Chile.
Page(s): 427-438
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.08(5) [September 2001]

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