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|Title:||Heike Kamerlingh — The Virial Equation of State|
|Abstract:||The main scientific contributions of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853-1926) were on thermodynamics, the equation of state, and optical, magnetic, and electrical phenomena. Kamerlingh Onnes proposed the virial equation of state (a significant improvement over the one of van der Waals), extended the concept of corresponding states, performed brilliant work on the achievement of very low temperatures, studied the behaviour of materials at these low temperatures, and discovered the phenomenon of superconductivity. He was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize for Physics for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperature, which eventually led him to liquefy helium in 1908.|
|ISSN:||0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJCT Vol.10(5) [September 2003]|
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