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Title: Carbon molecular sieves (CMS) from coconut shell by carbonization and carbon dioxide activation
Authors: Tae-Hwan, Kim
Vijayalakshmi, S
Jin, Son Seok
Dong, Kim Jee
Issue Date: May-2003
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Carbon Molecular Sieves (CMS) are specially treated micro porous adsorbents derived from carbonaceous precursors. Due to the molecular sieving property, coupled with thermal, mechanical and chemical stability under acidic/alkaline conditions, CMS have found many applications in the field of difficult gas, as well as liquid separations from their mixtures. CMS have been successfully synthesized from a wide variety of carbonaceous materials, by the carbonization followed by carbon dioxide or steam activation. The effect of carbonization temperature and activation temperature on the surface area as well as pore volume, calculated using the carbon dioxide adsorption data at room temperature is studied. The most suitable carbonization temperature is found to be in the range 750-850°C, beyond which the surface area is found to decrease due to sintering of the particles at high temperature. The samples prepared were found to give good adsorption selectivity for CO2 over H2 or N2. Kinetic and equilibrium adsorption data for gases like N2, O2, H2, CH4, and equilibrium adsorption of selected organic vapours are also reported.
Page(s): 298-304
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.10(3) [May 2003]

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