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Title: Hemostatic, antibacterial biopolymers from Acacia arabica (Lam.) Willd. and Moringa oleifera (Lam.) as potential wound dressing materials
Authors: Bhatnagar, Monica
Parwani, Laxmi
Sharma, Vinay
Ganguli, Jhuma
Bhatnagar, Ashish
Keywords: Antimicrobial;Biodegradable;Cytotoxicity;Gum acacia;Hemostatic;Moringa seed polymer;Polysaccharides;Wound healing
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Acacia arabica and Moringa oleifera are credited with a number of medicinal properties. Traditionally gum of Acacia plant is used in the treatment of skin disorders to soothe skin rashes, soreness, inflammation and burns while Moringa seed extracts are known to have antibacterial activity. In the present study the potential of the polymeric component of aqueous extracts of gum acacia (GA) and the seeds of M. oleifera (MSP) in wound management was evaluated. The results revealed that both biopolymers were hemostatic and hasten blood coagulation. They showed shortening of activated partial thromboplastin time and prothrombin time and were non-cytotoxic in nature. Both showed antibacterial activity against organisms known to be involved in wound infections with MIC ranging from 500-600 µg mL-1 for GA and 300-700 µg mL-1 for MSP. They were biodegradable and exhibited water absorption capacity in the range of 415 to 935%. The hemostatic character coupled to these properties envisions their potential in preparation of dressings for bleeding and profusely exuding wounds. The biopolymers have been further analysed for their composition by Gas chromatography.
Page(s): 804-810
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.51(10) [October 2013]

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