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Title: Aqueous polymerization of methyl methacrylate initiated by manganese (III) pyrophosphate- potassium thiocyanate redox system: A kinetic study
Authors: Sherigara, B S
Rai, S K
Shivakumar, K
Issue Date: Jan-2001
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Aqueous free radical polymerization or methyl methacrylate monomer [M], initiated by manganese (III) pyro phosphate- potassium thiocyanate redox system, has been studied in the pH range 2-3 and in the temperature range 25- 40o Cat constant ionic strength. The rates of polymerization (Rp) and manganese (III) disappearance have been measured. The effects of certain salts, water miscible organic solvents, and surfactants on the rate of polymerization have been investigated. The temperature dependence or the rate has been studied and the activation parameters computed using the Arrhenius plot. A polymerization mechanism, in volving chain initiation by radicals derived from decomposition or manganese (III)-thiocyanate complex formed in situ and bimolecular chain termination, is suggested. The rate of polymerization is found to be proportional to [M]1.2 , [Mn(III)] 1/2, [H+]1/2, [NCS]1/2, [Mn(II)-1/2, [P2O74-]-1/2. The overall energy of activation in the range studied (25-40oC) is round to be 32.2 kJ mol-1.
Page(s): 46-52
ISSN: 0975-0975(Online); 0376-4710(Print)
Appears in Collections:IJC-A Vol.40A(01) [January 2001]

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