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Title: Relationship between the breakage and wetting characteristics of lignite
Authors: Yekeler, M
Ozkan, A
Issue Date: Oct-2002
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: This paper reports the findings of an investigation of the breakage values of lignite to relate the wettability properties. The breakage values, obtained from grinding, are the specific rates of breakage (Si) and the γ of value the primary breakage function (Bi,J), and the wettability parameter, which is also easily obtained from contact angle measurements and flotation tests, is the critical surface tension of wetting value of solid (γc). The grindings were carried out as dry, wet and wet with kerosene aided tests in a laboratory size porcelain ball mill. The products (-212 μm) of the feed sizes of -600+425, -425+300 and -300+212 μm of lignite ground in the mill have been tested to obtain the γc values by contact angle goniometer and our new designed micro-flotation column cell. It is proposed that a relationship exists between the Si and γc value of the lignite sample studied, i.e .. higher the Si value from the breakage process, lower the γc value in wetting processes, indicating less wettability in the physical-chemistry based separation methods. There is also another relatio nship found between the γ value of Bi,j (the fineness factor) and the γc value, where γ value increases with increasing γc value, except in the kerosene aided grindings. This means, coarser particles produced by grinding will behave more hydrophilic (i.e., water wets the solid completely) in the wetting operations.
Page(s): 383-389
ISSN: 0975-1017 (Online); 0971-4588 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEMS Vol.09(5) [October 2002]

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