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|Title:||Effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 on steroidogenesis in cultured carp ovarian follicles: Interactions with estradiol|
|Abstract:||The biological action of insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on follicular steroidogenesis during follicular development in common carp was examined. Studies were carried out by culturing small (1-2 mm diam.) and large (> 2 mm diam.) follicles. IGF-1 (0.3-100 ng/ml) had no effect on progesterone accumu lation or aromatase activity during 48 hr culture of small follicles. Progesterone accumulation by large follicles was also unaffected by IGF-1 over the same period, although aromatase activity was stimulated in a dose dependent manner (8-fold increase over basal levels with a maximum stimulatory dose of 30 ng IGF-1/ml). In contrast, small and large follicles responded to IGF-1 in terms of both progesterone accumulation and aromatase activity after longer periods of culture (4'days for progesterone and 6 days for aromatase). Concurrent treatment of small follicles with estradiol (10.7 M) enhanced the action of IGF-1 on both indices of steroidogenesis and advanced the time at which IGF-1 stimulated activity was first detectable. The effect of estradiol on follicular IGF-1 responsiveness were independent of cell number. In summary, these results demonstrate varied actions of IGF-1 carp ovarian follicular steroidogenesis in vitro. The results indicate that carp follicles acquire responsiveness to IGF-1 in terms of aromatase activity during follicular development in vivo and that estradiol can induce the response in vitro. The results also suggest that estrogen and progesterone biosynthesis by cultured carp ovarian follicles is differentially regulated by IGF-1. Together, these results provide new insights into the biological actions of IGF-1 in fish ovary.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.37(02) [February 1999]|
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