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Title: Oxidative coupling of methane over La-promoted MgO catalysts: Influence of precursors and method of catalyst preparation
Authors: Choudhary, V R
Rane, V H
Chaudhari, S T
Keywords: Oxidative coupling;Methane;La-promoted MgO catalysts;Catalytic selectivity
Issue Date: Jul-2004
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: B01J 21/00
Abstract: The influence of precursors for La2O3 (viz. lanthanum acetate and lanthanum nitrate) and MgO (viz. magnesium acetate, magnesium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide) and catalyst preparation methods (viz. physical mixing of the catalyst precursors and coprecipitation using different precipitating agents such as ammonium hydroxide, ammonium carbonate and sodium carbonate) of La-promoted MgO (La/Mg = 0.1) catalyst on its surface area, total and strong basicity (measured in terms of CO2 chemisorbed at 50 and 500oC, respectively) and catalytic performance in oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) to C2-hydrocarbons at different temperatures (750-850oC), CH4/O2 ratios (4.0 and 8.0) for a high space velocity (51,360 cm3.g-1.h-1) has been investigated. The catalyst prepared using the coprecipitation method have higher surface area and basicity (total and strong basic sites measured in terms of CO2 chemisorbed at 50 and 500oC, respectively) but lower activity/selectivity, whereas, the catalyst prepared using the physical mixing method have lower surface area and basicity (both total and strong basic sites) but show higher activity and selectivity in the OCM process, depending upon the La- and Mg- salts used as the catalyst precursors. The catalyst, prepared by physical mixing using lanthanum nitrate and magnesium carbonate (prepared by precipitation from magnesium nitrate and sodium carbonate) as the catalyst precursors showed best catalytic performance in the OCM at different process conditions.
Page(s): 569-574
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.11(4) [July 2004]

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