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Title: The lld mutation in Pisum sativum used as a genetic tool to discern the plant leaflet/leaf developmental process
Authors: Sharma, Vishakha
Tripathi, Bhumi Nath
Kumar, Sushil
Keywords: Adaxial-abaxial differentiation;Cup shaped leaf;Leaf development mechanism;Leaf vein network;Mediolateral polarity;Proximodistal growth
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Leaves of P. sativum the double mutant genotype tendril-less (tl) leaflet-development (lld), due to the action of lld mutation, produce many leaflets that are aborted at different stages of development. Morphological, vein pattern and histological observations showed that aborted leaflets became cup/bell/trumpet (cup) shaped because of segmental differentiation in the leaflet primordium. Cup’s inside lamina surface was adaxial and outer surfaces of cup and its stem were abaxial. The lld cups were phenotypically homologous to aborted leaves described in Arabidopsis thaliana mutants, angustifolia and those which underexpressed the HD-ZIP III proteins. Leaflet primordium was found to grow and establish three dimensional polarities apex-downwards. Primordium produced lateral outgrowth on one side of midvein. Differentiation, in the outgrowth, of secondary veins, whose xylem tissues faced each other, established the adaxial-abaxial polarity. Lateral outgrowth then developed a cavity which got bounded by future adaxial epidermis. Further growth, veinlet formation, differentiation of palisade parenchyma and spongy parenchyma followed. Opening of lateral outgrowth at its outer midline produced a flat leaflet with lateral lamina spans. The structural and functional correspondence between leaflet and simple leaves suggested commonality between leaf and leaflet development mechanisms. A molecular model for the lld led leaflet abortion was also provided.
Page(s): 421-434
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.51(06) [June 2013]

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