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Title: Patenting in the Emerging Fields of Technology
Authors: Kardam, K S
Keywords: Intellectual property
International Depository Authority
Biotechnological inventions
Issue Date: Jan-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: This paper analyses various provisions of the Patents Act, 1970 as amended upto 2005 and the procedure provided for the protection of inventions in the emerging fields of technologies such as biotechnology, bioinformatics, agricultural biotechnology, computer related inventions, communication, nanotechnology, etc. The patent rights being territorial in nature are enforceable within the country, which grants the patent. India follows more or less global standards for patenting any invention. The non-patentable conditions generally differ from country to country and therefore, differentiate certain subject matter for patenting. Now by virtue of amendments in the Patents Act, 1970 in 2002 and 2005, product patents can be granted for pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, food and chemicals. It is also now possible to grant patent in the field of biotechnology, particularly, for living substances, such as, vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, new diagnostics using microorganisms, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology, gene sequencing, etc. However, living material including microorganisms occurring in nature are excluded from patenting under the law. In case of computer related inventions involving software, it is possible to grant patent for embedded software provided there is a technical application.
Page(s): 15-29
ISSN: 0971-5544
Source:JIPR Vol.12(1) [January 2007]

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