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Title: Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by white rot fungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium in sterile and unsterile soil
Authors: Bishnoi, Kiran
Kumar, Rajender
Bishnoi, Narsi R
Keywords: Bioremediation;Phanerochaete chrysosporium;Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs);Sterilized soil;Unsterilized soil
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Ligninolytic white rot fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, isolated from soil sample of petroleum refinery, was used for degradation of five polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs: acenaphthene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene and pyrene), simultaneously and individually in sterile and unsterile soil. For maximum biodegradation, after 42 days of incubation, optimum conditions were pH 7.0, 30°C and 5μg/g PAHs concentration. In sterile soil, degradation in 42 days of incubation of five PAHs was as follows: phenanthrene, 98.96; anthracene, 92.6; pyrene, 92.2; acenaphthene, 83.8; and fluoranthene, 79.8%. In unsterile soil, PAHs degradation was low (38.94-62.89%).
Page(s): 538-542
ISSN: 0022-4456
Appears in Collections: JSIR Vol.67(07) [July 2008]

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