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|Title:||Immunochemical and functional characterization of a polyclonal antibody to human sperm antigen|
|Abstract:||A polyclonal antibody was raised against a 16 kDa human sperm protein identified by a monoclonal antibody to human sperm. The antibody showed significant reactivity with mouse spermatozoa as seen by ELISA. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the antibody reacted with antigens from mouse testis, prostate as well as seminal vesicle. In both mouse and human testis the antibody localized antigens in round as well as elongated spermatids and mature spermatozoa. By SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis the antibody reacted with a 16 kDa protein in the testis and seminal vesicle. Whereas in the prostate it identified two proteins, one at 20 kDa and another at 25 kDa. Immunofluorescent localization by the antibody showed reactivity with acrosomal and/equatorial and midpiece region of human spermatozoa. The antibody showed extensive agglutination both in mouse and human spermatozoa. The results indicate that the antigen may be a conserved antigen. Cross reactivity of the antibody with mouse spermatozoa enabled us to carry out antifertility trials. Passive immunization of female mice with this antibody caused 67% reduction in fertility. It is likely that the antifertility effect could be partly due to agglutinating nature of the antibody which may have caused inhibition of all processes that depend on forward motility such as cervical mucus penetration and possibly preventing sperm egg interaction. Such well characterized and functionally relevant antibodies will enable to identify sperm antigens relevant for fertility . Identification of such antigens may also help in diagnosis of immuno infertility.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.39(03) [March 2001]|
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